Political Vocabulary

政治:語彙

国民・市民

citizen

憲法

constitution

政府

government

政党

political party

保守

conservative

与党

the ruling party

政策

Policy

議員

An assembly member

議長

chairman

議会

ぎかい

Diet, congress, parliament

通常国会・特別国会・臨時国会

ordinary session of congress / special session of congress / extraordinary session of Diet

衆議院・参議院

House of Representatives (lower) / House of Councillors (upper)

大統領

president,chief executive

内閣解散

dissolve cabinet/house

法案 / 議案

Legislation / legislative bill

決議・議決

resolution, vote, decision

賛成

approval; adoption (e.g. motion, bill); passage

否決・反対・却下

rejection, disapproval

措置・対策・処置

a measure

選挙

an election

立候補する・候補者

announcing candidacy / candidate

当選 ・落選

election to office / failing to be elected

就任

inauguration

辞任

resignation

外交

diplomacy, foreign relations

条約

treaty, pact

同盟

alliance, union, league

交渉

negotiation

連邦

commonwealth, federation of states

市長

mayor

区役所・市役所・県庁・都庁

government offices

予算・補正予算・予算案

budget / revised budget / draft budget

財源

source of funds, resources, finances

納税

payment of taxes

滞納

non-payment, default

所得税

income tax

民主主義

democracy

社会主義

socialism

共産主義

communism

国会議員

member of the Diet (congress)

行政改革

administrative reform

国家財政

national finance

提出

presentation, submission, filing

官僚

bureaucrat, bureaucracy

左派・右派・派閥・流派

left wing / right wing / faction / school

司法 (法を司る)

Administration of Justice

立法 (法を立てる)

legislation, lawmaking

行政 (政治を行う)

administration

内閣総理大臣 (通称:総理・首相・総理大臣)

Prime Minister

外務省

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

大蔵省

Ministry of Finance

厚生労働省(厚労省)

Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare

防衛省

Defense Ministry

国土交通省

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport

内閣官房長官

Secretary General of the Cabinet

自由民主党 (自民党)

Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)

民主党

Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ)

社会民主党 (社民党)

Social Democratic Party (SDP)

公明党

NCDP (New Clean Government Party)

国民新党

the People’s New Party

a vote

日本共産党 (共産党)(JCP)

Japanese Communist Party

無所属

Independent

政権

administration

野党

opposition party

国会

National Diet, parliament, congress

開会・休会・閉会

opening / adjournment / closure of a meeting

改正・修正

amendment / correction, revision

協定

arrangement; pact; agreement

投票

poll; voting

長官

Director, Chief, Senior elected official

援助

assistance/aid/support

知事

prefectural governor

課税

Taxation

消費税

consumption tax

独裁主義

Despotism

漏えい(漏洩)・流出

leak, divulge, disclose…

三権分立

Separation of the tree powers

内閣

Cabinet

文部省 (正しくは文部科学省)

Ministry of Education

大臣

a cabinet minister